Shin Splints and What You Can Do to Prevent Them


Home Treatment for Shin Splints: All You Need to Know

The home treatment for shin splints includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Rest means taking a break from activities that cause pain in the shins. Ice helps reduce pain by numbing the area and reducing inflammation. Compression can help keep swelling down. Elevation helps reduce swelling as well.

Suffering from shin splints can be painful and debilitating. But with the right treatments and prevention methods, you can manage your symptoms at home.

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What Are Shin Splints? 

Shin splints, medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), is an overuse injury that affects the lower leg. It is caused by repetitive activities such as running or jumping that strain the muscles and tendons around the shinbone (tibia).

It results in pain along the inner border of your shinbone. The pain may be dull initially but can progress to a sharp stabbing sensation with prolonged activity. You may also experience swelling or tenderness along your shinbone. 

What Causes Shin Splints? 

Several different factors can cause shin splints. In general, they are due to activities that involve repetitive impacts on your lower legs, like running, or sports that require quick starts and stops, such as basketball or soccer.

Poorly cushioned shoes, incorrect form during exercise, a sudden increase in activity intensity, or weak muscles can all lead to shin splints.

Over time, this repetitive stress causes tiny tears in the muscle fibers resulting in significant pain when touched or moved. 

Common Causes:

Stress Fracture: A tiny fracture in the shin bone could occur from repeated stress. A stress fractures name is given to this fracture, an overuse ailment.

Compartment Syndrome: A direct impact injury or overuse may cause inflammation in numerous muscle compartments of the lower leg. Compartment syndrome is the term used to describe this ailment, and it may also be one of the causes of shin discomfort.

Other causes of shin splints are:

  • Excessive pressure or force applied to your shin bone
  • Abnormality in analysis, such as flatfoot syndrome
  • Incorrect instruction
  • Running on a rocky surface
  • Putting on scuffed shoes
  • Abruptly lengthening or intensifying one’s exercise regimen

Additionally, shin splints can cause minor to severe symptoms. Below is a list of them.

Symptoms Of Shin Splints

About the author 

Chenie Taton

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