What Are The 7 Causes Of Back Pain?

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Back pain can be incredibly debilitating and affect almost every aspect of your life. It is one of the most common reasons why people miss work. While there are many potential causes of back pain, some are more common than others.

What Is Lower Back Pain?

Lower back pain is very common. It may be caused by a strain (injury) to the back muscles or tendons. Atherosclerosis, structural issues, and disk traumas are further factors. With rest, physical therapy, and medicine, pain frequently gets better.

Maintaining a healthy weight and staying active can lower your risk of developing low back discomfort.

Various injuries, illnesses, or ailments can cause low back pain, but most frequently, back damage to the muscles or tendons.

Severe pain can occasionally make it difficult or impossible to move, sleep, work, or perform other routine activities.

Lower back discomfort typically improves with rest, painkillers, and physical therapy (PT). Injections of cortisone and manual therapies (such as osteopathic or chiropractic manipulation) can help the body relieve discomfort.

Techniques To Avoid Lower Back Pain

Apply Heating Pad: For acute or chronic lower back discomfort, a heating pad may help reduce pain and relax the muscles. A good recommendation is Comfier Heating Pad for back pain relief.

Practice Proper Posture: Always maintain a good posture while sitting, standing, or lying down. This helps to prevent the development of lower back discomfort and can improve your overall well-being.

Physical therapy: Applying heat, ice, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation — as well as some muscle-release techniques to the back muscles and soft tissues — may help alleviate pain.

As the pain improves, the physical therapist may introduce some flexibility and strength exercises for the back and abdominal muscles. Techniques for improving posture may also help.

The patient will be encouraged to practice the techniques regularly to prevent back pain recurrence, even after the pain has gone.

Exercises for Back Pain: Many low-impact exercises can help strengthen the muscles that support the spine and reduce pain. Aerobic exercises such as swimming, biking, or walking can help with circulation and reduce inflammation.

Weak abdominal muscles can lead to poor posture and back pain, so it’s important to strengthen them with exercises like the plank and side planks. Stretching exercises such as yoga or tai chi can improve flexibility and reduce muscle tension.

When starting an exercise routine for back pain, consult your health care professional or physical therapist first.

Common Causes Of Back Pain 

Back pain is one of the most common ailments that people experience. It can range from a mild ache to a sharp, intense pain that limits your movement.

While various factors may cause chronic low back pain, some common causes exist. Understanding what these are and how they can be treated can help you find relief from your discomfort. 

1. Muscle Strains and Sprains 

One of the most common back pain causes is muscle strain or sprain. Muscle strains happen when the muscles in your back become overstretched or torn, while sprains occur when ligaments in the spine become overstretched or torn.

Both injuries can result from heavy lifting, awkward body movements, or poor posture. If you have experienced an injury like this before, it is essential to seek medical attention so that you can get proper treatment for your injury. 

2. Poor Posture 

Poor posture is another major cause of back pain and can even lead to long-term chronic pain if not appropriately addressed.

Poor posture often develops from sitting for extended periods at a desk without taking regular breaks to move around and stretch out those tight muscles in your back.

Additionally, slouching while sitting down can contribute to poor posture and create additional muscle tension in your lower back.

To help improve your posture, take regular breaks throughout the day to move around and stretch out those tight muscles in your neck and shoulders.

Additionally, ensure that you are sitting up straight with good lumbar support while working at a desk or computer to help alleviate any tension on the lower part of your spine. 

3. Disc Degeneration 

Disc degeneration occurs when the discs between each vertebra begin to break down due to aging or wear and tear on the spine.

This can lead to inflammation and irritation in the surrounding nerves, resulting in significant discomfort throughout the back area.

Disc degeneration is often seen in individuals with previous injuries or trauma to their spine and those who suffer from osteoarthritis or other age-related conditions that affect joint health.

Depending on its severity, treatment for disc degeneration usually involves rest, physical therapy, medications such as NSAIDs or steroids, injections into the affected areas for added relief, or surgery.   

4. Musculoskeletal Issues 

One of the most common causes of back pain is an issue with your musculoskeletal system. This includes sprained ligaments, strained muscles, or bulging discs caused by wear and tear.

All these conditions can cause the pain worse in your lower back that radiates down into your legs.

To treat musculoskeletal issues, you may need physical therapy or even surgery, depending on the severity of your case.  

5. Structural Problems

When the spinal column is too small for the spinal cord, a condition known as spinal stenosis results.

Serious sciatic nerve pain and lower back pain might result from something squeezing the spinal cord. Back curvature, or scoliosis, can cause discomfort, stiffness, and trouble moving.

Spine-Related Problems Back pain often happens because something is off in how your spinal joints, muscles, discs, and nerves fit together and move. 

6. Lifestyle Choices 

Your lifestyle choices can also cause back pain in some instances. Sitting for long periods without taking breaks or having an improper posture can build up muscle tension, leading to chronic back pain in the long run.

In this case, it’s important to ensure you’re sitting correctly and taking regular breaks if you work at a desk job all day.

But you may avoid lower back pain by maintaining a healthy weight and staying active. A healthy lifestyle can relieve pain, help you move better, and get more out of life. 

If possible, try taking walks during lunchtime and adding light exercise into your routine; even 10 minutes a day can make a big difference! 

7. Medical Conditions 

Certain medical conditions like arthritis or osteoporosis can also cause chronic back pain due to their effect on the joints and bones in your spine.

In this case, treatment may involve medications such as anti-inflammatories or corticosteroids (if prescribed by a doctor) and lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly and eating nutritious food that supports joint health.  


Back pain can be caused by several things ranging from poor posture to medical conditions.

It is important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing back pain so that the underlying cause can be treated accordingly.

Anyone can experience lower back pain anytime, even if they don’t have a prior injury or any risk factors. It is not always serious and can often get better on its own. But in some cases, pain is your body’s way of telling you something isn’t right. 

By addressing and treating any underlying issues, you can find relief from your back pain and improve your overall health.

Chenie Taton